n = the arrival of an event, invention or person = sự ra đời của 1 người hay 1 phát minh
[Cuộc sống tại Anh quốc đã biến đổi bởi sự ra đời của đầu máy hơi nước] Life in Britain was transformed by the advent of the steam engine.
v = to be able to do, manage, or bear without serious consequence or adverse effect = có thể, có đủ sức, có đủ khả năng, có đủ điều kiện (để làm gì) Poor people are often unable to afford adequate heating in the winter
n = the amount of something that is permitted, especially within a set of regulations or for a specified purpose: = tiền trợ cấp, tiền cấp phép He gets a small allowance from his father — just enough to live on until he starts to earn money.
n = an uncomfortable feeling of nervousness or worry about something that is happening = sự lo lắng
n = eagerness to do something = lòng ao ước Children normally feel a lot of anxiety about their first day at school
n = a list of the books and articles that have been used by someone when writing a particular book or article = thư mục trong thư viện Other sources of information are found in the bibliography at the end of this article.
n = money and possessions, especially a large amount of money used for starting a new business = tiền vốn
n = a city which is the centre of government of a country or smaller political area = thủ đô She leaves her capital untouched in the bank and lives off the interest.
n = the use of force to persuade someone to do something which they are unwilling to do = sự ép buộc
[Anh ta cho là cảnh sát đã dùng sự ép buộc để lấy được lời khai bất hợp pháp] He claimed the police had used coercion, threats and promises to illegally obtain the statement.
v = to remember officially and give respect to a great person or event, especially by a public ceremony or by making a statue or special building = tưởng niệm, tưởng nhớ Gathered all together in this church, we commemorate those who lost their lives in the great war.
adj = always behaving or happening in a similar, especially positive, way = kiên định, không thay đổi
adj + with = in agreement with other facts = phù hợp với There has been a consistent improvement in her attitude
What the witness said in court was not consistent with the statement he made to the police.
v = to give advice, especially on social or personal problems = tư vấn, chỉ bảo The man should seek counseling.(mang nghĩa tư vấn bệnh lý
n = [fomal] = advice = lời khuyên I should have listened to my father's wise counsel
n = the legal right or duty to care for someone or something = quyền nuôi dưỡng
n = the state of being kept in prison, especially while waiting to go to court for trial = sự giam cầm, bắt giam The court gave custody of the child to the father.
You will be remanded in custody until your trial.
v = to prevent from doing something or to make someone less enthusiastic about doing something by making it difficult for them to do it or by threatening bad results if they do it = ngăn cản , làm nản lòng High prices are deterring many young people from buy ing houses.
adj = causing harm or damage = có hại, bất lợi [de-truh-men-tl] = The recession has a detrimental effect on business
detrimental·ty, detrimentalness, noun
v = to destroy a place or thing completely or cause great damage = tàn phá [dev-uh-steyt] Oil spills arr having a devastating efffect on coral reefs in ocean
v = to decide that something or someone is not worth considering or giving attention = coi nhẹ, đánh giá thấp
[Bạn không nên coi nhẹ khả năng anh ta trở lại] You shouldn't discount the possibility of him coming back.
v = to make a distinction in favor of or against a person or thing on the basis of the group, class, or category = phân biệt, đối xử phân biệt The new law discriminates against foreigners. He discriminates in favor of his relatives.
v = o feel extremely worried or frightened about something that is going to happen or that might happen = kinh sợ, kinh hãi, nghĩ đến mà sợ
[Anh ta đang sợ thi bằng lái — anh ta chắc rằng anh ta sẽ rớt] He's dreading his driving test — he's sure he's going to fail.
adj1 = happening or done without delay or very soon after something else = trực tiếp
adj2 = describes something or someone that is close to, or is a cause of or an effect of, something or someone else = gần gũi There are few facilities in the immediate area.
adj = extremely important or urgent; needing to be done or given attention immediately = cấp bách [ + that ] The president said it was imperative that the release of all hostages be secured.
[ + to infinitive ] It's imperative to act now before the problem gets really serious.
n = a very educated person whose interests are studying and other activities that involve careful thinking and mental effort = người trí thức, người lao động trí thức
adj = relating to your ability to think and understand things, especially complicated ideas = (thuộc) trí óc; vận dụng trí óc labors including physical and intellectual have rights to work until they're 60 years old
v = to control something or someone to your advantage, often unfairly or dishonestly = lôi kéo, vận động (bằng mánh khóe)
v = to control something using the hands = thao tác bằng tay Throughout her career she has very successfully manipulated the media.
v = to treat someone or something as if they are not important = cho là không quan trọng, bị cách ly
[Người da đen trong thập niên 50 rất bị cách ly/coi nhẹ] black people in the 50s were very marginalized
adj = not clear and difficult to understand or see = tối tăm, không rõ ràng
[Các chính sách chính thức vừa thay đổi, vì những lý do mà vẫn không rõ ràng] Official policy has changed, for reasons that remain obscure.
adj = best; most likely to bring success or advantage =tối ưu
[Nhiệt độ tối ưu cho sự phát triển của ấu trùng là nằm trong khoảng 18-26 độ] The optimal temperature for the development of larvae is in the range 18-26 C.
v = to make someone do or believe something by giving them a good reason to do it or by talking to them and making them believe it = làm cho tin, thuyết phục
[Anh ta đang cố gắng thuyết phục các doanh nghiệp nước ngoài đâu tư vào dự án] He is trying to persuade local and foreign businesses to invest in the project
adj = very much respected and admired, usually because of being important = uy tín, có thanh thế a prestigious university
She says she can't understand why anyone would want to sell such a prestigious item
n = a person who states they have a right to the high position that someone else has, although other people disagree with this = người đòi hỏi, người yêu sách The rebel forces are led by the pretender to the throne
adj = describes ideas or systems which are new and modern, encouraging change in society or in the way that things are done = tiến bộ, tiến lên The left of the party is pressing for a more progressive social policy.
adj = Something or someone that is reliable can be trusted or believed because they work or behave well in the way you expect = đáng tin cậy Many people question whether data obtained from animals can be reliably applied to humans
adj + to inf = not willing to do something and therefore slow to do it = miễn cưỡng
[Nhiều bậc cha mẹ cảm thấy miễn cưỡng để nói chuyện cởi mở với con cái của họ] Many parents feel reluctant to talk openly with their children.
n = a successful way of curing an illness or dealing with a problem or difficulty = phương thuốc, cách điều trị
v = to do something to correct or improve something that is wrong = cứu chữa , sửa chữa
[Sai lầm này phải được khắc phục ngay lập tức.] This mistake must be remedied immediately.
to have someone or something as the main or most important interest or subject = xoay quanh ai hay cái gì
[Cuộc tranh luận xoay quanh các vấn đề chăm sóc trẻ em] The conversation revolved around childcare problems.
n = the systems for taking dirty water and other waste products away from buildings in order to protect people's health = hệ thống vệ sinh Many illnesses in these temporary refugee camps are the result of inadequate sanitation.
adj = coming or resulting from a natural impulse or tendency; without effort or premeditation; natural and unconstrained; unplanned = tự phát, tự ý His jokes seemed spontaneous, but were in fact carefully prepared beforehand.
v = to state exactly how something must be or must be done = quy định
[Luật quy định rằng xe mới phải có dây an toàn cho tài xế và mọi hành khách] The law stipulates that new cars must have seat belts for the driver and every passenger.
n = any feeling of illness or physical or mental change which is caused by a particular disease = triệu chứng bệnh He's complaining of all the usual flu symptoms — a high temperature, headache and so on.
v = to match or agree with something else = phù hợp, ăn khớp Your plans don't tally with mine.
n = a record or count of a number of things = bản kiểm ghê ghi lại số lượng của cái gì đó Will you keep a tally of the number of customers going in and out?
adj = describes a problem or subject that is difficult to deal with = (vấn đề ) hóc búa [thawr-nee] The thorny problems created by increased use of computers in offices
n = the way in which someone is treated and educated when they are young, especially by their parents, especially in relation to the effect which this has on how they behave and make moral decisions = sự giáo dục, sự dạy dỗ Is it right to say all the crimes he committed were simply the result of his upbringing?
n = a mass of air or water that spins around very fast and pulls objects into its empty centre = vòng xoáy, cơn lốc to be drawn into the vortex of...: bị cuốn vào trong cơn lốc của...
the vortex of revolution: cơn lốc cách mạng